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Carnegie Mellon University is a private institution that was founded in 1900. It has a total undergraduate enrollment of 7,022, its setting is urban, and the campus size is 155 acres. Aspiring and seasoned pipers alike have been selecting to attend Carnegie Mellon’s School of Music as Bagpipe Performance majors for over 75 years. Bagpiping, as an art form, has long been a unique part of our Carnegie Mellon traditions (thanks to the strong Scottish heritage of our founders Andrew Carnegie and Andrew Mellon) and we are a. Who: Marcel Just, the D.O. Hebb Professor of Psychology and director of the Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging at Carnegie Mellon University. What: Dialing, texting and otherwise using a cell phone is a distraction for drivers and is causing many legislatures to consider laws restricting cell phone use in cars. In August, the U.S. Secretary of Transportation announced an upcoming summit for lawmakers and experts to discuss driving. Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is a private research university based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.Founded in 1900 by Andrew Carnegie as the Carnegie Technical Schools, the university became the Carnegie Institute of Technology in 1912 and began granting four-year degrees. In 1967, the Carnegie Institute of Technology merged with the Mellon Institute of Industrial Research.


Navlab is a series of autonomous and semi-autonomous vehicles developed by teams from The Robotics Institute at the School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University. Later models were produced under a new department created specifically for the research called 'The Carnegie Mellon University Navigation Laboratory'.[1] Navlab 5 notably steered itself almost all the way from Pittsburgh to San Diego.

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Research on computer controlled vehicles began at Carnegie Mellon in 1984[1] as part of the DARPA Strategic Computing Initiative[2] and production of the first vehicle, Navlab 1, began in 1986.[3]


The vehicles in the Navlab series have been designed for varying purposes, '... off-road scouting; automated highways; run-off-road collision prevention; and driver assistance for maneuvering in crowded city environments. Our current work involves pedestrian detection, surround sensing, and short range sensing for vehicle control.'[4]

Several types of vehicles have been developed, including '... robot cars, vans, SUVs, and buses.'[1]


The institute has made vehicles with the designations Navlab 1 through 10.[4] The vehicles were mainly semi-autonomous, though some were fully autonomous and required no human input.[4]

Navlab 1 was built in 1986 using a Chevroletpanel van.[3] The van had 5 racks of computer hardware, including 3 Sun workstations, video hardware and GPS receiver, and a Warp supercomputer.[3] The vehicle suffered from software limitations and was not fully functional until the late 80s, when it achieved its top speed of 20 mph (32 km/h).[3]

Navlab 2 was built in 1990 using a US Army HMMWV.[3] Computer power was uprated for this new vehicle with three Sparc 10 computers, 'for high level data processing', and two 68000-based computers 'used for low level control'.[3] The Hummer was capable of driving both off- or on-road. When driving over rough terrain, its speed was limited with a top speed of 6 mph (9.7 km/h). When Navlab 2 was driven on-road it could achieve as high as 70 mph (110 km/h)[3]

Navlab 1 and 2 were semi-autonomous and used '... steering wheel and drive shaft encoders and an expensive inertial navigation system for position estimation.'[3]

Navlab 5 used a 1990 Pontiac Trans Sport minivan. In July 1995, the team took it from Pittsburgh to San Diego on a proof-of-concept trip, dubbed 'No Hands Across America', with the system navigating for all but 50 of the 2850 miles, averaging over 60 MPH.[5][6][7] In 2007, Navlab 5 was added to the Class of 2008 inductees of the Robot Hall of Fame.[8]

Navlabs 6 and 7 were both built with Pontiac Bonnevilles. Navlab 8 was built with an Oldsmobile Silhouette van. Navlabs 9 and 10 were both built out of Houston transit buses.[9]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ abc'Navlab: The Carnegie Mellon University Navigation Laboratory'. The Robotics Institute. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
  2. ^'Robotics History: Narratives and Networks Oral Histories: Chuck Thorpe'. Retrieved 2018-06-07.
  3. ^ abcdefghTodd Jochem; Dean Pomerleau; Bala Kumar & Jeremy Armstrong (1995). 'PANS: A Portable Navigation Platform'. The Robotics Institute. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
  4. ^ abc'Overview'. NavLab. The Robotics Institute. Archived from the original on 8 August 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
  5. ^'Look, Ma, No Hands'. Carnegie Mellon University. 31 December 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  6. ^Freeman, Mike (3 April 2017). 'Connected Cars: The long road to autonomous vehicles'. Center for Wireless Communications. Archived from the original on 1 January 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  7. ^Jochem, Todd. 'Back to the Future: Autonomous Driving in 1995 - Robotics Trends'. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  8. ^'THE 2008 INDUCTEES'. The Robot Institute. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
  9. ^Shirai, Yoshiaki; Hirose, Shigeo (2012). Attention and Custom for Safe Behavior. Robotics Research: The Eighth International Symposium. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 249. ISBN978-1447115809.

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